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技术文章Article 当前位置:足球彩票 > 技术文章 > 仪器仪表标定、检定、校准与校验的联系与区别
仪器仪表标定、检定、校准与校验的联系与区别
点击次数:185 发布时间:2019-12-11

YIQIYIBIAODEJIANDING、XIAOZHUN、XIAOYANDOUSHIANZHOUQIJINXINGDEJINGTAIJILIANGGUOCHENG,RICHANGGONGZUOZHONG,YOUYULIJIEDECHAYI,WANGWANGZAOCHENGBUBIYAODEMAFANHEHOUGUO,XIAOBIANJINTIANDAIDAJIAKANKAN,JIUJINGBIAODING、JIANDING、XIAOZHUN、XIAOYANYOUNAXIEQUBIEYULIANXI。

足球彩票ZAIYUYIQI、YIBIAODAJIAODAODERICHANGGONGZUOZHONGCHANGHUIJIECHUDAOBIAODING、JIANDING、XIAOZHUN、XIAOYANZHEISIGEMINGCI,SIZHEJIANYOUSHENMEQUBIEHELIANXINI?

标定、检定、校准、校验的定义

01

标定

足球彩票SHIYONGBIAOZHUNDEJILIANGYIQIDUISUOSHIYONGYIQIDEZHUNQUEDU(JINGDU)JINXINGJIANCESHIFOUFUHEBIAOZHUN,YIBANDADUOYONGYUJINGMIDUJIAOGAODEYIQI。

ZHUYAOZUOYONG:

  • 确定仪器或测量系统的输入—输出关系,赋予仪器或测量系统分度值;
  • 确定仪器或测量系统的静态特性指标;
  • 消除系统误差,改善仪器或系统的正确度;
  • 在科学测量中,标定是一个不容忽视的重要步骤。

02

检定

足球彩票YOUFAZHIJILIANGBUMENHUOFADINGSHOUQUANZUZHIANZHAOJIANDINGGUICHENG,TONGGUOSHIYAN,TIGONGZHENGMINGLAIQUEDINGCELIANGQIJUDESHIZHIWUCHAMANZUGUIDINGYAOQIUDEHUODONG。

03

校准

ZAIGUIDINGTIAOJIANXIA,WEIQUEDINGJILIANGYIQIHUOCELIANGXITONGDESHIZHIHUOSHIWULIANGJUHUOBIAOZHUNWUZHISUODAIBIAODESHIZHI,FENBIECAIYONGJINGDUJIAOGAODEJIANDINGHEGEDEBIAOZHUNSHEBEIHEBEIJILIANGSHEBEIDUIXIANGTONGBEICELIANGWUJINXINGCESHI,DEDAOBEIJILIANGSHEBEIXIANGDUIBIAOZHUNSHEBEIWUCHADEYIZUCAOZUO,CONGERDEDAOBEIJILIANGSHEBEIDESHIZHISHUJUDEXIUZHENGZHI。

04

校验

足球彩票ZAIMEIYOUJIANDINGHUOXIAOZHUNGUICHENGSHI,QIYEZIXINGBIANZHIDEZIXIAOGUICHENG; ZHUYAOYONGYUZHUANYONGJILIANGQIJU、HUOZHUNQUEDUXIANGDUIJIAODIDEJILIANGYIQIJISHIYANDEYINGJIANHUORUANJIAN。

标定、检定、校准、校验主要区别

标定是属于测量时,对测试设备的精度进行复核,并及时对误差进行消除的动态过程;检定、校准、校验是按周期进行的静态计量过程。

检定和校准是量值溯源的主要的两个手段,但是它们之间存在很大的区别:

1、目的不同

XIAOZHUNDEMUDESHIDUIZHAOJILIANGBIAOZHUN,PINGDINGCELIANGZHUANGZHIDESHIZHIWUCHA,QUEBAOLIANGZHIZHUNQUE,SHUYUZIXIAERSHANGLIANGZHISUYUANDEYIZUCAOZUO。ZHEIZHONGSHIZHIWUCHADEPINGDINGYINGGENJUZUZHIDEXIAOZHUNGUICHENGZUOCHUXIANGYINGGUIDING,ANXIAOZHUNZHOUQIJINXING,BINGZUOHAOXIAOZHUNJILUJIXIAOZHUNBIAOSHI。

XIAOZHUNCHUPINGDINGCELIANGZHUANGZHIDESHIZHIWUCHAHEQUEDINGYOUGUANJILIANGTEXINGWAI,XIAOZHUNJIEGUOYEKEYIBIAOSHIWEIXIUZHENGZHIHUOXIAOZHUNYINZI,JUTIZHIDAOCELIANGGUOCHENGDECAOZUO。

足球彩票JIANDINGMUDE:DUICELIANGZHUANGZHIJINXINGQIANGZHIXINGQUANMIANPINGDING。ZHEIZHONGQUANMIANPINGDINGSHUYULIANGZHITONGYIDEFANCHOU,SHIZISHANGERXIADELIANGZHICHUANDIGUOCHENG。JIANDINGYINGPINGDINGJILIANGQIJUSHIFOUFUHEGUIDINGYAOQIU。ZHEIZHONGGUIDINGYAOQIUJIUSHICELIANGZHUANGZHIJIANDINGGUICHENGGUIDINGDEWUCHAFANWEI。TONGGUOJIANDING,PINGDINGCELIANGZHUANGZHIDEWUCHAFANWEISHIFOUZAIGUIDINGDEWUCHAFANWEIZHINEI。

2、对象不同

足球彩票XIAOZHUNDEDUIXIANGSHISHUYUQIANGZHIXINGJIANDINGZHIWAIDECELIANGZHUANGZHI。WOGUOFEIQIANGZHIXINGJIANDINGDECELIANGZHUANGZHI,ZHUYAOZHIZAISHENGCHANHEFUWUTIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDALIANGSHIYONGDEJILIANGQIJU,BAOKUOJINHUOJIANYAN、GUOCHENGJIANYANHEZHONGCHANPINJIANYANSUOSHIYONGDEJILIANGQIJUDENG。

足球彩票JIANDINGDEDUIXIANGSHIWOGUOJILIANGFAMINGQUEGUIDINGDEQIANGZHIJIANDINGDECELIANGZHUANGZHI。

《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJILIANGFA》DIJIUTIAOMINGQUEGUIDING:“XIANJIYISHANGRENMINZHENGFUJILIANGXINGZHENGBUMENDUISHEHUIGONGYONGJILIANGBIAOZHUNQIJU,BUMENHEQIYE、SHIYEDANWEISHIYONGDEGAOJILIANGBIAOZHUNQIJU,YIJIYONGYUMAOYIJIESUAN、ANQUANFANGHU、YILIAOWEISHENG、HUANJINGJIANCEFANGMIANDELIERENQIANGJIANMULUDEGONGZUOJILIANGQIJU,SHIXINGQIANGZHIJIANDING。WEIANGUIDINGSHENQINGJIANDINGHUOZHEJIANDINGBUHEGEDE,BUDESHIYONG。”

足球彩票JIANDINGDUIXIANGZHUYAOFENWEISANGEDALEIJILIANGQIJU:

足球彩票①JILIANGJIZHUN(BAOKUO:GUOJI[JILIANG]JIZHUNHEGUOJIA[JILIANG]JIZHUN)ISO1OO12-1《JILIANGJIANCESHEBEIDEZHILIANGBAOZHENGYAOQIU》ZUOCHUDEDINGYISHI:GUOJI[JILIANG]JIZHUN:“JINGGUOJIXIEYICHENGREN,ZAIGUOJISHANGZUOWEIDUIYOUGUANLIANGDESUOYOUQITAJILIANGJIZHUNDINGZHIYIJUDEJILIANGJIZHUN。”GUOJIA[JILIANG]JIZHUN:“JINGGUOJIAJUEDINGCHENGREN,ZAIGUONEIZUOWEIDUIYOUGUANLIANGDESUOYOUQITAJILIANGBIAOZHUNDINGZHIYIJUDEJILIANGJIZHUN。”

②JILIANGBIAOZHUN ISO1OO12-1BIAOZHUNJIANG[JILIANG]BIAOZHUNDINGYIWEI:“YONGYIDINGYI、SHIXIAN、BAOCHIHUOFUXIANDANWEIHUOYIGEHUODUOGEYIZHILIANGZHI,BINGTONGGUOBIJIAOJIANGTAMENCHUANDIDAOQITAJILIANGQIJUDESHIWULIANGJU、JILIANGYIQI、BIAOZHUNWUZHIHUOXITONG”(LI:a.1kgZHILIANGBIAOZHUNZHONG;b.BIAOZHUNLIANGKUAI;c.100ΩBIAOZHUNDIANZU;d.WEISIDUNBIAOZHUNDIANCHI)。”

③WOGUOJILIANGFAHEZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOQIANGZHIJIANDINGDEGONGZUOJILIANGQIJUMINGXIMULUGUIDING,“FANYONGYUMAOYIJIESUAN、ANQUANFANGHU、YILIAOWEISHENG、HUANJINGJIANCEDE,JUNSHIXINGQIANGZHIJIANDING。”ZAIZHEIGEMINGXIMULUZHONG,YIMINGQUEGUIDING60DUOZHONGJILIANGQIJULIERENQIANGZHIJIANDINGFANWEI。 ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,ZHEIGE《MINGXIMULU》DIERKUANMINGQUEQIANGDIAO,“BENMULUNEIXIANGMU,FANYONGYUMAOYIJIESUAN、ANQUANFANGHU、YILIAOWEISHENG、HUANJINGJIANCEDE,JUNSHIXINGQIANGZHIJIANDING。”ZHEIJIUSHIYAOQIULIEREN60DUOZHONGQIANGJIANMULUZHONGDEJILIANGQIJU,ZHIYOUYONGYUMAOYIJIESUANDENGSILEILINGYUDEJILIANGQIJU,SHUYUQIANGZHIJIANDINGDEFANWEI。DUIYUSUILIERU60DUOZHONGJILIANGQIJUMULU,DANSHIJISHIYONGBUSHIYONGYUMAOYIJIESUANDENGSILEILINGYUDEJILIANGQIJU,KEBUSHUYUQIANGZHIJIANDINGDEFANWEI。

足球彩票YISHANGSANDALEIZHIWAIDECELIANGZHUANGZHIZESHUYUFEIQIANGZHIJIANDING,JIXIAOZHUNFANWEI。

3、性质不同

足球彩票XIAOZHUNBUJUYOUQIANGZHIXING,SHUYUZUZHIZIYUANDESUYUANXINGWEI。ZHEISHIYIZHONGJISHUHUODONG,KEGENJUZUZHIDESHIJIXUYAO,PINGDINGJILIANGQIJUDESHIZHIWUCHA,WEIJILIANGQIJUHUOBIAOZHUNWUZHIDINGZHIDEGUOCHENG。ZUZHIKEYIGENJUSHIJIXUYAOGUIDINGXIAOZHUNGUIFANHUOXIAOZHUNFANGFA。ZIXINGGUIDINGXIAOZHUNZHOUQI、XIAOZHUNBIAOSHIHEJILUDENG。

足球彩票JIANDINGSHUYUQIANGZHIXINGDEXINGWEI,SHUFAZHIJILIANGGUANLIDEFANCHOU,QIZHONG,JIANDINGGUICHENGXIEDINGZHOUQIDENGQUANBUANFADINGYAOQIUJINXING。

4、依据不同

XIAOZHUNDEZHUYAOYIJUSHIZUZHIGENJUSHIJIXUYAOZIXINGZHIDINGDE《XIAOZHUNGUIFAN》,HUOCANZHAO《JIANDINGGUICHENG》DEYAOQIU。ZAI《XIAOZHUNGUIFAN》ZHONG,ZUZHIZIXINGGUIDINGXIAOZHUNCHENGXU、FANGFA、XIAOZHUNZHOUQI、XIAOZHUNJILUJIBIAOSHIDENGFANGMIANDEYAOQIU。YINCI,《XIAOZHUNGUIFAN》SHUYUZUZHISHISHIXIAOZHUNDEZHIDAOXINGWENJIAN。

JIANDINGDEZHUYAOYIJUSHI《JILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENG》,ZHEISHIJILIANGSHEBEIJIANDINGBIXUZUNSHOUDEFADINGJISHUWENJIAN。QIZHONG,TONGCHANGDUIJILIANGJIANCESHEBEIDEJIANDINGZHOUQI、JILIANGTEXING、JIANDINGXIANGMU、JIANDINGTIAOJIAN、JIANDINGFANGFAJIJIANDINGJIEGUODENGZUOCHUGUIDING。JILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENGKEYIFENWEIGUOJIAJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENG、BUMENJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENGHEDIFANGJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENGSANZHONG。ZHEIXIEGUICHENGSHUYUJILIANGFAGUIXINGWENJIAN,ZUZHIWUQUANZHIDING,BIXUYOUJINGPIZHUNDESHOUQUANJILIANGBUMENZHIDING。

5、方式不同

足球彩票XIAOZHUNDEFANGSHIKEYICAIYONGZUZHINEIBUXIAOZHUN、WAIXIAO,HUONEIXIAOJIAWAIXIAOXIANGJIEHEDEFANGSHIJINXING。ZUZHIZAIJUBEITIAOJIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,KEYICAIYONGNEIXIAOFANGSHIDUIJILIANGQIJUJINXINGXIAOZHUN,CONGERJIESHENGJIAODAFEIYONG。

足球彩票ZUZHIJINXINGNEIBUXIAOZHUNYINGZHUYIBIYAODETIAOJIAN(NEIXIAOSHIHENYANGEDE!),ERBUSHIDUIJILIANGQIJUDEGUANLIFANGSONGYAOQIU,LIRU,BIXUBIANZHIXIAOZHUNGUIFANHUOCHENGXU,GUIDINGXIAOZHUNZHOUQI,JUBEIBIYAODEXIAOZHUNHUANJINGHEJUBEIYIDINGSUZHIDEJILIANGRENYUAN,ZHISHAOJUBEIGAOCHUYIGEDENGJIDEBIAOZHUNJILIANGQIJU,CONGERSHIXIAOZHUNDEWUCHAJINKENENGSUOXIAO。ZAIDUOSHUCELIANGLINGYU,BIAOZHUNQIDECELIANGWUCHAYINGBUCHAOGUOBEIQUERENSHEBEIZAISHIYONGSHIWUCHADE1/3ZHI1/10。CIWAI,DUIXIAOZHUNJILUHEBIAOSHIYEYINGZUOCHUGUIDINGDENGDENG。

JIANDINGBIXUDAOYOUZIGEDEJILIANGBUMENHUOFADINGSHOUQUANDEDANWEIJINXING。GENJUWOGUOXIANZHUANG,DUOSHUSHENGCHANHEFUWUZUZHIDOUBUJUBEIJIANDINGZIGE,ZHIYOUSHAOSHUDAXINGZUZHIHUOZHUANYEJILIANGJIANDINGBUMENCAIJUBEIZHEIZHONGZIGE。

6、周期不同

足球彩票XIAOZHUNZHOUQIYOUZUZHIGENJUSHIYONGJILIANGQIJUDEXUYAOZIXINGQUEDING。KEYIJINXINGDINGQIXIAOZHUN,YEKEYIBUDINGQIXIAOZHUN,HUOZAISHIYONGQIANXIAOZHUN。

足球彩票XIAOZHUNZHOUQIDEQUEDINGYUANZEYINGSHIZAIJINKENENGJIANSHAOCELIANGSHEBEIZAISHIYONGZHONGDEFENGXIANDETONGSHI,WEICHIXIAODEXIAOZHUNFEIYONG。KEYIGENJUJILIANGQIJUSHIYONGDEPINCIHUOFENGXIANCHENGDUQUEDINGXIAOZHUNDEZHOUQI。

JIANDINGDEZHOUQIBIXUAN《JIANDINGGUICHENG》DEGUIDINGJINXING,ZUZHIBUNENGZIXINGQUEDING。JIANDINGZHOUQISHUYUQIANGZHIXINGYUESHUDENEIRONG。

7、内容不同

XIAOZHUNDENEIRONGHEXIANGMU,ZHISHIPINGDINGCELIANGZHUANGZHIDESHIZHIWUCHA,YIQUEBAOLIANGZHIZHUNQUE。

足球彩票JIANDINGDENEIRONGZESHIDUICELIANGZHUANGZHIDEQUANMIANPINGDING,YAOQIUGENGQUANMIAN、CHULEBAOKUOXIAOZHUNDEQUANBUNEIRONGZHIWAI,HAIXUYAOJIANDINGYOUGUANXIANGMU。

LIRU,MOUZHONGJILIANGQIJUDEJIANDINGNEIRONGYINGBAOKUOJILIANGQIJUDEJISHUTIAOJIAN、JIANDINGTIAOJIAN、JIANDINGXIANGMUHEJIANDINGFANGFA,JIANDINGZHOUQIJIJIANDINGJIEGUODECHUZHIDENGNEIRONG。 XIAOZHUNDENEIRONGKEYOUZUZHIGENJUXUYAOZIXINGQUEDING。

8、结论不同

XIAOZHUNDEJIELUNZHISHIPINGDINGCELIANGZHUANGZHIDELIANGZHIWUCHA,QUEBAOLIANGZHIZHUNQUE,BUYAOQIUJICHUHEGEHUOBUHEGEDEPANDING。XIAOZHUNDEJIEGUOKEYIJICHU《XIAOZHUNZHENGSHU》HUO《XIAOZHUNBAOGAO》。

JIANDINGZEBIXUYIJU《JIANDINGGUICHENG》GUIDINGDELIANGZHIWUCHAFANWEI,JICHUCELIANGZHUANGZHIHEGEYUBUHEGEDEPANDING。CHAOCHU《JIANDINGGUICHENG》GUIDINGDELIANGZHIWUCHAFANWEIWEIBUHEGE,ZAIGUIDINGDELIANGZHIWUCHAFANWEIZHINEIZEWEIHEGE。JIANDINGDEJIEGUOSHIJICHU《JIANDINGHEGEZHENGSHU》。

9、法律效力不同

足球彩票XIAOZHUNDEJIELUNBUJUBEIFALVXIAOLI,JICHUDE《XIAOZHUNZHENGSHU》ZHISHIBIAOMINGLIANGZHIWUCHA,SHUYUYIZHONGJISHUWENJIAN。

JIANDINGDEJIELUNJUYOUFALVXIAOLI,KEZUOWEIJILIANGQIJUHUOCELIANGZHUANGZHIJIANDINGDEFADINGYIJU《JIANDINGHEGEZHENGSHU》SHUYUJUYOUFALVXIAOLIDEJISHUWENJIAN。

 

标定、检定、校准、校验的联系

足球彩票XIAOYAN、JIANDING、XIAOZHUNDEPUBIANSHIYONGYUANZE:

1、SHUYUGUOJIAQIANGZHIJIANDINGMULU,SONGJIAN。YIBANPANDUANSHIYANSHIDEYIQISHEBEISHIBUSHIYAOJIANDING,XUYAOMANZUYIXIALIANGGETIAOJIAN:

足球彩票a.ZAIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOQIANGZHIJIANDINGDEGONGZUOJILIANGQIJUMINGXIMULUNEIDEYIQISHEBEI;

b.SHIYONGDEDELINGYUSHI:MAOYIJIESUAN、ANQUANFANGHU、YILIAOWEISHENG、HUANJINGJIANCE。

2、GUOJIAQIANGZHIJIANDINGMULUWAI,DANYOUJJGHUOJJFDE,SONGJIAN/XIAOZHUN,HUOQIYEJUBEIBIAOZHUNSHEBEI、QIJUJIXIAOZHUNFANGFA,KEJINXINGZIXINGXIAOZHUN。

3、WUJJGHEJJFDE,ZIXINGXIAOYAN。

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